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International Journal of Agricultural and Applied Sciences, December 2020, 1(2): 86-91

ISSN: 2582-8053


Research Article 


The cost and revenue analysis of transactions through live sheep value chain in Sudan


Nuha. E. Abass1*, Mohamed. A. Ibnouf2 and Abdelateif. H. Ibrahim 3

1*Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, University of Bahri, Khartoum, Sudan.

2Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agricultural Studies, Sudan University of Science Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.

3Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Sudan.

*Corresponding author e-mail: nuhadaleel12@yahoo.com

(Received: 05/11/2020; Revised: 14/11/2020; Accepted: 30/11/2020)  


Present study was conducted to examine the cost and revenues along the live sheep value chain in Sudan besides the determination of marketing indicators and value addition for the sheep as economic performance among the main actors of the chain covering the locations of Elkhwei, Elnhud locality in West Kordofan state and Omdurman locality in Khartoum state. The data were collected through a field survey conducted during July- September 2018 using questionnaires, stratified random sampling representing the live sheep value chain actors of producers, wholesalers, retailers, processors, and exporters with a total sample size of 300 respondents. The study was following the descriptive statistics methods. The results showed that the producers, exporters, and processors bear the major cost in the live sheep value chain compared to retailers and wholesalers. The cost items of transporting, loading, and veterinary care were the major cost items after the certificate of origin and feed items for they comprised the main value activities performed along the chain of exporters. Also, the revenues of live sheep marketing increase along the value chain to reach its highest value for exporters. That is the same for the marketing indicators “GMM, NMM, and GPM as they increase along with the value chain actors. The producers’ share in the sheep marketing value chain in Sudan owns 29% of the sheep market and the sheep (MER) in Sudan is considered as very good registering 71%. Exporters get the most value of sheep marketing as a commodity moving along the value chain reaching 67% compared to value-added for the other factors.

Keywords: Sheep market, value chain and cost analysis.