The present study was carried out to know the performance of growth, yield contributing characters, and reaction against insect pests and disease on chickpea genotypes at Jute Research Program, Itahari, Sunsari, Nepal. A total of twelve chickpea genotypes were sown in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications and each replicate had 10 lines with an inter and intra row spacing of 40 cm and 10 cm respectively. It is of great interest to consider the per se performance of different genotypes on various characters of economic importance, particularly earliness, plant height, nodule number, pod number, seed diameter, 100 seed weight, seed yields, pest and disease incidence. The genotypes ICCV-87312 showed earlier in flowering and maturity while the genotypes KWR-108 and Tara showed the highest and lowest plant height respectively. Likewise, the yield and yield components of overall pooled mean performance of chickpea genotypes ICCV-840508-38 born the maximum pod number, seed diameter, hundred seed weight, and seed yields. With respect to pest incidence, genotype KWR-108 was found to be less susceptible while genotype Tara was found to be more susceptible against pest damage (pod damage). Similarly, the genotypes ICCV-87312 found to be less susceptible while genotypes ICCV-98937 were found to be more susceptible against fusarium wilt disease among the tested genotypes. On the basis of the mean performance of yield components and biotic stress components observed in the present study, the five genotypes viz., ICCV-840508-38, ICCV-98933, KPG-59, ICCV-87312, and KWR-108 were found to be superior genotypes. Therefore, farmers and chickpea producers around study areas and similar agro-ecologies can use those genotypes for chickpea production as well as these materials can be used for the further breeding programs too.
Keywords: Chickpea, Genotypes, Yields, Insect pest, Disease etc.