• AETDS, Uttarakhand, India.
  • ISO 9001:2015 Certified

Agricultural & Environmental Technology Development Society

(AETDS), U.S. NAGAR, UTTARAKHAND, INDIA.

Abstract

International Journal of Agricultural and Applied Sciences, June 2021, 2(1):57-60 

ISSN: 2582-8053

https://doi.org/10.52804/ijaas2021.216

Research Article

 

Biology study of white grub Holotrichia nagpurensis (Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae)

 

Seema Rani*, Riazuddin, Rinni Saharwat, Manish Kumar Sharma and Jagpal Singh

Foundation for Agricultural Resources Management and Environmental Remediation (FARMER), Ghaziabad, U. P., Voluntary Center of ICAR-All India Network Project on Soil Arthropod Pests

Corresponding author e-mail: farmer.seema@gmail.com

 (Received: 05/04/2021; Revised: 15/05/2021; Accepted: 25/06/2021)  

 

ABSTRACT

Biology of polyphagous insect pest Holotrichia nagpurensis was studies in laboratory during 2019-2020. H. nagpurensis beetles (all types mated, unmated, male and female) were collected by using Light traps (fitted with 6-8 watts mercury tube Light; ACTINIC BL, PHILIPS) placed nearby  host Neem trees, Azadirachta indica, Guava, Psidium guajava, Bakayan, Melia azedarach, in evening time from 7:45 to 9: 45 pm in the moths of June-July from Noorpur village in Ghaziabad district of Uttar Pradesh, India (28.7444° N, 77.5526° E) and identified by National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bengaluru, Indian Council of Agricultural Research. All collected beetles kept individually in 1 liter capacity containers with moist soil. The mated female laid eggs an average of 29.800±3.247 eggs singly at a depth of 5-10 cm in the moist soil. The incubation period of the eggs was 12.960±0.501 days. 1st instars lasted 17.660±0.510 days; subsequent 2nd and 3rd instars were lasted for 35.140±0.530 and 86.120±0.800 days, respectively. The pupal period was recorded about 25.860±0.515 days and adult longevity was observed 101.860±3.575 days. Total life cycle recorded 277.960±3.371 days with 59.840±4.676 % survival and 0.518±0.039, 3.548±0.080 and 0.368±0.026 larval growth index, pupal growth index and developmental index respectively. All grubs feed on live maize roots in controlled conditions up to pupation.  The simple methodology for rearing of root grubs on live maize roots under laboratory conditions was attempted and life cycle of H. nagpurensis was studied successfully. 

Keywords: Holotrichia nagpurensis, biology, white grub, maize.