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International Journal of Agricultural and Applied Sciences, December 2023, 4(2): 27-38


ISSN: 2582-8053


Research Article


Study of heterosis for agronomic, yield and fiber quality traits in cotton under the irrigated condition of Middle Awash, Ethiopia


Donis Gurmessa1*, Merdasa Balcha1, Bedane Gudeta2, Samuel Damtew1 and Arkebe Gebregziabher1

1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Werer Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

2Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ambo Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 37, Ambo, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author e-mail: donislw@gmail.com

(Received: 15/06/2023; Revised: 28/08/2023; Accepted: 27/09/2023; Published: 20/12/2023)



The present investigation was undertaken to study the extent of heterosis in respect of seed cotton and lint yield, fiber quality traits and other agronomic performances. Six cotton genotypes were crossed in all possible combinations including reciprocals. The resulting filial generation (F1 hybrids) seed of 30 crosses and 6 parents were planted in a simple lattice design with a perfect square of 6×6 replicated twice. Mean square due to genotypic differences were found significant for all the traits under study except for boll number per plant indicating the availability of substantial genetic diversity for different traits in the experimental materials. Among the hybrids intra specific G. hirsutum L. hybrid, HS-46 x Stonoville 453 19-8 X Stam 59A x Cucurova 1518 30-2 (B-1) exhibited considerable heterotic values for seed cotton and lint yield, and fiber length possibly suitable for local cottage and textile industries. The obtained results indicated the possibility of improving yield and fiber quality traits simultaneously using interspecific hybrids. Moreover, research on cotton breeding needs to address all possibilities including the exploitation of hybrid vigour to increase yield and fiber qualities of cotton production in Ethiopia.

Keywords: Intra and interspecific hybrid, Hybrid vigour, Gossypium hirsutum L., Gossypium barbadense L., Lint yield, Micronaire, Fiber length, Fiber strength